It’s been almost six months since I started this blog… and it’s taken me almost six months to finish this post…
Once you know where you’re at financially, it’s time to see where your going.
To find out, track your expenses. Just because you have money left over every month doesn’t mean you aren’t wasting any. And I’m talking about wasteful according to your goals and desires, not what others might call wasteful, so if you really like that $4 cup of coffee and you can afford it, enjoy. On the other hand, if you don’t have any money left over, is that $80-120/month really that important to you?
I use mint.com to track my expenses. It’s automatic, I just have to go in every once in a while to make sure transactions are categorized correctly. I like automatic. If I had to write each purchase down it would never get done. Mint isn’t perfect, it doesn’t track my car loan because I don’t have a web log in for it, but it works for all my other accounts.
If you aren’t comfortable giving Mint your account log in information there are other options like Quicken and You Need a Budget where the information stays on your own computer.
Some people like doing it by hand. A notebook, spreadsheet or mobile budgeting app is all they need. Having to write down every purchase does make you more aware of what you’re buying and can even help curb spending. If you’re good at journaling this probably is the best method.
Whatever method you choose, the idea is to know what you’re spending your money on and how much. How much do you spend on clothes every month? Or eating out, or any number of categories? Add up the numbers. It might be painful, but look. Don’t judge. If it’s bad remind yourself that you’re doing this exercise so you can do better. Don’t make excuses, either. If the money has been spent it’s been spent and it is what it is. Most importantly, don’t beat yourself up over the totals.
Once you know where you’re heading now, it’s time to decide where you want to go, short and long term. Maybe you have some definite goals already, like get out of debt or save up a down payment for a house. If you don’t, that’s okay. Figuring out what I want from my money was a fairly lengthy process for me and I’m still revising my plan. If you have no idea what to do I’d start with the big three: deal with any debt you have, make sure you have a healthy emergency fund, and start preparing for retirement.
Getting out of debt is generally pretty simple – pay more money each month. Whether you get that extra money from savings, working a second job, or cutting spending is up to you.
Figuring out the right amount for an emergency fund takes a bit of work. At minimum it should cover your insurance deductibles and max out of pocket for your health insurance, expenses for however many months you could be unemployed if you get laid off (or at least enough to cover what unemployment doesn’t), and any other large expense that could come up with little or no notice. If you don’t have health insurance or comprehensive car coverage, you’ll need a larger emergency fund.
Figuring out what you’ll need for retirement is a lot more work and relies on a lot of guesses – how much inflation should you account for, what returns will you get from the stock market, what will your expenses be, etc. The farther you are from retirement the more guessing you need, but that’s no excuse not to start saving (was that listed in my excuse post? If not, it should be.) Start saving something, even if you don’t have a plan yet. If you want to take early retirement save more.
Personal finance is just that, personal. Retiring in my 30s isn’t a high priority for me but some people make it their ultimate goal. The trick is to decide what YOU want – and it’s okay to start simple. My goal right now is basically to keep my expenses low, max my Roth IRA, contribute to max the match in my 401k, and start investing in non-retirement accounts. Obviously I need to do some refining – what number should I keep my expenses under? If my income increases can I increase that number? Should I make a goal to increase my income? I used to have some other short term goals regarding cash hoarding to buy a house but that’s been done so it’s time to make some new ones.
I’m a fairly laid back person, the kind who takes a “if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it” type of attitude. Buy while my finances aren’t necessarily broken, they could be better. Fortunately I’m also a geek who likes making things more efficient so I have to draw on that side of myself to do this kind of work. ‘Cause it is work.
Alright, I’m off to think about goals. Again. What are your goals that you’re working on?